The Hero of Sanjay Leela Bhansali, Alauddin Khilji, was the son of Shahabuddin Masud, elder brother of Jalaluddin, the founder of Khilji dynasty. He was thus a nephew and later, after marriage with his daughter, the son-in-law of Jalaluddin. Alauddin was appointed as Amir-i-Tuzuk (Master of Ceremonies) after marriage. Alauddin’s brother Almas Beg also married a daughter of Jalaluddin. Alauddin was not happy in his marriage and later married another woman, named Mahru.
In 1291, he was appointed governor of Kara after he crushed a revolt there by the previous governor Malik Chajju. The advisors of Malik Chajju who now switched sides, instigated and convinced Alauddin to depose Jalaluddin as he was perceived a weak ruler. To finance his revolt, Alauddin raided the neighboring Hindu kingdoms. He usurped huge wealth from the rich kingdom of Bhilsa in Malwa. At Bhilsa he came to know of the very rich Yadav kingdom of Deccan area, Devgiri. After few years of planning and preparations, he successfully raided Devagiri and plundered vast wealth that included jewels, gold, silk products, elephants, horses and of course, slaves. His capture of slaves included men and women.
Alauddin returned to Kara. He sent a message to Jalaluddin to visit him at Kara and pardon him personally for not coming directly to Delhi after his Devagiri campaign. Jalaluddin had blind faith in Alauddin because he had brought him up after the death of his father, had given his daughter in marriage to him and had bestowed all the riches and power upon him. Jalaluddin came to meet him.
While greeting Jalaluddin, Alauddin killed him and declared himself the new Sultan. Jalaluddin was beheaded and his head was pierced on a spear and paraded in his camp before it was sent to Awadh for public display. This barbaric treatment of Jalaluddin, his mentor and father figure, was as per his faith where killing by beheading of real or supposed rivals is considered an integral part. Sikhs faced similar fate at the hands of Aurangzeb.
Picture: Heads of Sikhs were paraded by Aurangzeb’s soldiers when they refused to convert to Islam. Alauddin did the same to Jalaluddin after beheading him. This was the standard operating procedure of all Islamic kings of India.
Jalaluddin’s powerful nobles joined him and were rewarded with, as reported, 30 -50 mann (one mann = about 38 Kg) of gold each, which was looted by him from Devgiri. Jalaluddin’s widow Malika-i-Jahan, her son Qadr Khan and other family members escaped to Multan which was controlled by another of Jalaluddin’s sons, Arkali. In November 1296, Alauddin sent an army to conquer Multan. On his orders, commander Nusrat Khan arrested, blinded and/or killed the surviving members of Jalaluddin’s family.
Alauddin started the practice of killing of children in front of their mothers and public rape and killing of wives of revolting men in his kingdom. He set his own barbaric standards of punishment. In 1302-03, Alauddin led an army to conquer Chittor, the capital of Guhila kingdom ruled by Ratnasimha (Rawal Ratan Singh). It took him eight months of siege to overcome Chittor. According to Alauddin’s courtier Amir Khusro (the famous Persian poet), he ordered massacre of 30,000 local Hindus after his conquest. Later legends state that Alauddin was mad with lust to capture the beautiful wife of Ratnasimha, Padmavati to make her his sex slave and add her to his harem of thousands of women. But, the proud Rani Padmavati along with hundreds of other Rajput women, committed ‘Jauhar’ (death by fire), rather than let Alauddin lay his lustful hands on her.
This incident is recounted as a golden chapter in the history of proud Rajput women of Chittor who preferred to die rather than let themselves be captured by Muslim barbarians.
In 1306, Alauddin defeated an invading force of Mongols at Amroha. 16th century historian Firishta writes that Alauddin buried 8000 heads of Mongols in the foundation of the wall of Sri Fort in Delhi, a fort area commissioned by him. It is for this reason that this present-day Sports Complex in South Delhi is known as ‘Siri Fort’. Ruins of the wall still exist.
In later years Alauddin launched several invasions on Southern Hindu Kingdoms to plunder their wealth on the lines of Devgiri. It is said that the famous Koh-i-noor diamond was taken by him from king Pratap Rudra of Kakatiya. The Delhi chronicler Ziauddin Barani, described the seizure of wealth from Dwara Samudra and the Pandya kingdoms as the greatest one since the Muslim capture of Delhi! According to excited Amir Khusro’s testimony, the loot burdened ‘1000 camels under the weight of treasure”. Alauddin defeated many Hindu kingdoms of South. Amir Khusro sarcastically wrote with unconcealed glee in his book ‘Tarik-i-Alai’ that, “all the insolent Hindus had died on the battlefield” and “the earth turned saffron with so many Hindus touching the ground with their forehead in front of Alauddin”!
“The great Ghazi Alauddin Khilji, who had successfully extinguished the depraved Satanic ways of Hindus with his sword from the mountains of Ghazni to mouth of the Ganges, by destroying their temples and putting to death their holy-men (Brahmans), was possessed by a zeal to spread the light of the Mohammedan faith to hitherto untouched regions, namely the Deccan and Southern India.”
Alauddin Khilji: Fanatic Islamic Crusader in the path of ‘Allah’
Imposition of Jiziya tax on Hindus
Alauddin Khilji was a Sunni Muslim. He imposed heavy Jiziya tax and other taxes on property and land taxes on non-Muslims in the Sultanate. His officers seized half of all produce of any non-Muslim farmer. Kulke and Ruthermond write that, Alauddin Khilji demanded, from his “wise men in the court” to create “rules and regulations in order to grind down the Hindus, so as to reduce them to abject poverty and deprive them of wealth and any form of surplus property that could foster a rebellion; the Hindu was to be so reduced as to be left unable to keep a horse to ride on, to carry arms, to wear fine clothes, or to enjoy any of the luxuries of life”. In short, those Hindus who accepted the ‘Dhimmi’ status had to convert to Islam to escape the burgeoning hardships.
Killing for the ‘sake of Islam’
The contemporary Persian historian Wassaf, while describing Alauddin’s 1299 Gujarat campaign, states that the Sultan was motivated by “the zeal of religion”, and that the Muslim army massacred people “unmercifully, throughout the impure land, for the sake of Islam”. At the invasion of Khambhat, Wassaf writes-
“They took captive a great number of handsome and elegant maidens amounting to 20,000, and children of both sexes, more than the pen can enumerate […] In short, the Muhammadan army brought the country to utter ruin, and destroyed the lives of the inhabitants, and plundered the cities, and captured their offspring, so that many temples were deserted, and the idols were broken and trodden under foot.”
He persecuted Shia Muslims too. Sometime in 1310, Shias were accused of indulging in ‘un-Islamic’ ways in their ‘secret practices’. Several were declared guilty. Alauddin had them sawed in half publicly for their ‘un-Islamic’ practices!
Picture: Bhai Mati Das was sawed to death in front of Guru Teg Bahadur by Aurangzeb. Same torture to death was inflicted by Alauddin on Shias and his other adversaries.
Alauddin had thousands of women sex slaves
Picture: The cover of this book candidly tells the fate of a slave girl being sold or acquired for sex in the harems of Islamic rulers in India. The next picture tells how captured women were used for entertainment and sex.
Alauddin regarded himself a ‘prophet’ and considered starting a new religion. It didn’t materialize but his megalomania entitled him to keep thousands of sex slaves in his harem, both women and boys! Wherever he defeated a Hindu king, Alauddin would seize the royal women and thousands of other women of the kingdom and brought them to Delhi to be his and his men’s sex slaves. Those kings who accepted his suzerainty had to offer their daughters to Alauddin in order to live.
Alauddin was a compulsive homosexual
Picture above: Malik Kafur
Pictures below: Gay Alauddin with his slave boy-friend
Alauddin’s slave, Malik Kafur, was his boyfriend in whose hands he entrusted most of his power. He “had fallen deeply and madly in love” with Kafur, write historians. Malik Kafur was a Hindu in the beginning. He was a eunuch slave of his earlier master who had purchased him for 1000 dinars. He came to be known as ‘Malik Kafur 1000 Dinari’. Alauddin captured him in his Gujarat campaign and converted him to Islam. Thus ‘kafir’ Malik became Malik Kafuri. Allauddin developed great fascination and physical attraction towards him which made him very influential in power corridors of Delhi.
Malik Kafur got many of his rivals in the administration killed by orders of Alauddin. Kafur even had Alauddin’s eldest sons, Khizr Khan and Shadi Khan, blinded. On the night of 4 January 1316, Kafur killed Alauddin while he was in bed with him. Kafur wasted no time and assassinated the entire Khilji clan. Malik Kafur then married the widow of slain Alauddin. However, Kafur was also killed soon after by an assassin sent to kill one of Alauddin’s sons. Alauddin’s tomb exists in Qutab complex in Mehrauli, Delhi.
Destruction of Hindu Temples
Alauddin and his generals destroyed hundreds of Hindu temples during their campaigns. Prominent among those were temples of Bhilsa (1292), Devagiri (of present Daulatabad)(1295), Vijapur (1298-1310), Modhera Sun temple (The Sabha Mandap originally had a tall Shikhara, or tower, only the base of which remains, the remainder was destroyed by Alauddin Khilji), Rudra Mahalaya temple in Siddhpur in Patan district of Gujarat (1296), Somnath (1299), Jhain (1301), Chidambaram (1311) and Madurai (1311).
Picture: Modhera Sun Temple
Picture: Rudra Mahadevalaya
Picture: Surya Kund and Sabha Mandap
Writing about the destruction of Somnath temple, Amir Khusro wrote that the temple was bent into the direction of Kaaba! The invaders looted the temple’s wealth, and carried its main idol to Delhi, where its fragments were thrown to be trampled under the feet of Muslims.
Wassaf describes the destruction of the Somnath idol as follows:
“The idol was adorned with a jewel-studded gold crown and a pearl necklace, and was of ‘admirable workmanship’. After looting the jewels, the Muslim soldiers decided to destroy the idol. The Hindus offered them a thousand pieces of gold to spare the idol, but the soldiers rejected the demand. The invaders cut off its perfumed limbs, destroyed it, and carried its fragments to Delhi. The entrance of the city’s Jami Masjid were paved with these fragments”.
Alauddin Khilji, the man and his deeds, can never be forgotten by any proud Hindu for reasons mentioned above. Successive Islamic rulers in India have displayed the basest levels of primitive human existence. Coming from the deserts of Arabia, Afghanistan or Mongol nomadic lands, they found gratification and fulfillment only in loot, plunder, sex slaves, killings in the most brutal ways possible and complete abhorrence to educational, spiritual or cultural advancement of human race. Be it Alauddin, Jalaluddin, Babar, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjehan, Aurangzeb or Bahadurshah Zafar, they remained cocooned within their religious crusades and natural or unnatural sexual gratification. Unfortunately, there are people like Sanjay Leela Bhansali and film actors in modern day India who for sheer commercial gains, find a sense of achievement in romanticizing or glorifying the worst barbarians that ravaged this ancient land of world’s most advanced civilization.